Wash-Northern Norfolk

Wash-Northern Norfolk

The cooperation between the Wash-northern Norfolk Coast and the Wadden Sea is based on the Memorandum of Intent signed in 1991 (§ 43 Esbjerg Declaration). 

Work Program 2007

The Work Program 2007 was adopted in November 2006 and covers following objectives:

1. Share best practice in implementation of the Water Framework Directive
2. Share best practice in implementation of the Habitats Directive -conservation objectives and management schemes
3. Fisheries workshop to consider conditions required for sustainable fisheries
4. Share best practice in assessment of Offshore Wind Farm Developments
5. Share best practice in Coastal Management


On 25-28 October 2012, representatives from the Trilateral Wadden Sea Cooperation had the opportunity to visit the Wash estuary.

Representatives from the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation of the Netherlands, the National Park Administration Lower Saxon Wadden Sea and the Common Wadden Sea Secretariat met corresponding British colleagues from the ministry to local fisheries, management and NGO’s for an intense information exchange and site visits to explore options to intensify the cooperation. The visit was organized by Natural England which is the English government’s advisor organization on the natural environment. A series of excursions led to salt marsh areas affected by wind farm cabling activities, re-naturation projects and local fishery industry. Based on a memorandum of intent between The Wash/North Norfolk Coast and the Wadden Sea from 1991, several activities around implementation of European directives, coastal protection and management and specific workshops have been conducted in the past and a future continuation of these common activities were discussed and are intended after this visit.

In November 2000, a Conference about the experience in the UK with the implementation of the Habitat Directive was held in Edinburgh attended by over 300 persons, also from the Wadden Sea States. The experiences concerning the establishment of management plans and monitoring schemes to meet the needs of the Habitat Directive on 12 marine sites in the UK were discussed at the 3-day conference and at a one-day monitoring workshop. Valuable knowledge could be gathered during the project concerning monitoring and management, which can also be applied in the Wadden Sea. On the other hand, the experiences in the Wadden Sea concerning the Wadden Sea Plan and the TMAP were presented and regarded as an important input for the UK.

In April 2000, Dutch, German and Danish experts from administration, research agencies and fishery organizations attended the Wash Forum Conference. The CWSS presented the Wadden Sea Plan and the QSR 1999 during the Conference.

Representatives from English Nature attended a TMAG meeting (February 1999) in order to enhance the information exchange regarding monitoring, especially concerning subtidal monitoring and monitoring of Blue mussel beds. In October 2001, a delegation from English Nature, the UK Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Eastern Sea Fisheries Joint Committee attended the Scientific Wadden Sea Symposium in Groningen. During the symposium, a meeting with monitoring experts was organized to discuss a common research project concerning the mussel bed restoration possibilities.

In March 1999, a meeting was organized in Amsterdam concerning exchange information on Ensis and similar fisheries (e.g. Spisula) and mussel spat settlement with participants from English Nature, the Eastern Sea Fisheries Joint Committee, Prof. Bannister (CEFAS) and experts from the Netherlands and Schleswig-Holstein (universities and administrations). The results could be incorporated in the preparation of the Wadden Sea Plan project 7.2.2 (Spisula project) by the trilateral project group.

For the period 1998 – 2001, the joint activities focused on information exchange concerning monitoring in connection with the Habitat Directive and management of Blue mussels. Contacts on expert level were initiated in 1999 and 2000 between English Nature, the Eastern Sea Fisheries Joint Committee and the Ministry of Agriculture and Nature Protection (LNV, Groningen) and Texel (Alterra) to discuss the experiences with shellfish management in the Dutch Wadden Sea.

In the period 1995 - 1997, joint activities of English Nature (EN) and the Wadden Sea Cooperation were carried out on the exchange of information on shellfish management (two workshops in 1996), birds (”Twite population and habitat management”, project in 1996/1997) and eutrophication (one-day seminar in 1995).